In 1883, as the population of the area grew, preliminary steps began to form some type of local government. The municipality was incorporated under the name Douglas in 1884 and on January 8th of that year, the first council meeting was held. In early 1891, the name of the community was changed from Douglas to Rhineland, and the municipality's boundary was expanded westward.
In 1917, some of this land was transferred back to a neighboring municipality and Rhineland took on its present configuration. From its beginnings, the community was built on courage and determination, and these same characteristics make Rhineland what it is today.
On January 1st, 2015 the Rural Municipality of Rhineland amalgamated with the Town of Gretna and the Town of Plum Coulee to become the Municipality of Rhineland.